Guben is located in the Brandenburg landscape directly at the Neisse river forming a bridge to the neighbour country Poland with its twin town Gubin. With 780 years of eventful history, Guben is one of the oldest towns in Lower Lusatia. As early as in the 14th century the town at the Neisse flourished thanks to is wine, fruit and cloth production as well as to shipping and trade. During the industrialization in the 19th century, Guben could develop into a worldwide known centre of hat making and industry. After World War II the city centre was nearly completely destroyed, and the Potsdam Agreement fixedthe separation of the town into two parts. The old historical centre is now on the Polish side, whereas the more industrial part is to be found on the German side. In the years after the war, Guben developed into GDR’s centre of chemical fibre production, the Guben hats gained worldwide reputation. After the political change at the beginning of the 90s, Guben’s industry collapsed. Abandoned industrial buildings began to dominate the look of the town for a long time.
Today this has changed. As a result of comprehensive reconstruction activities which started in 2002, Guben got a now town centre. In order to further promote the German-Polish ties, the Frankfurter Street was created as a central connection between the two towns Guben and Gubin.